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  • Nathan der Weise
  • Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
  • English
  • 13 March 2019
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free read Nathan der Weise review Nathan der Weise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Gotthold Ephraim Lessing ã 0 read & download Lessing’s plays and philosophical writings are still considered classics in Germa. When I read Gotthold Ephraim Lessing s 1779 play Nathan der Weise for the first time and no not for high school as my family moved from Germany to Canada when I was ten years of age and thus in high school we of course read English language and not German language literature but rather in a 1986 university undergraduate course on the German Enlightenment for us students and indeed also for our professor Nathan s wisdom and his striving for universal religious tolerance and to a certain point that Saladin himself could be also be tolerant were basically the main and the most essential points of consideration regarding Lessing s presented text although I did indeed find the famous Ring Parable both a bit difficult to understand in and of itself and also leaving me at times than somewhat personally uncomfortable with Nathan der Weise and really not completely satisfied either For if according to the play if according to Nathan der Weise and of course the Ring Parable Judaism Christianity and Islam are supposedly all sprung from some common and universally good and beneficial source why would in the ring story the father why would the king have even created and furnished those three separate rings I mean it does not or at least it should not really take a genius to figure out and to realise that there would of course than likely be major conflicts arising within the three sons families with everyone claiming that their specific ring is the right the correct the most important and ergo also the most universally acceptable ring and I could never understand therefore how in Nathan der Weise those three rings should supposedly be a solution to religious conflict if each of the ring wearers would be thinking and believing that his ring was the greatest and the one true ring since this would at least in my opinion and by simple logic and necessity discredit the other two rings and their wearers And therefore as much as I did indeed majorly enjoy reading Nathan der Weise in 1986 and still have rather found my recent reread very much pleasurable there is eually and in my humble opinion beneath Gotthold Ephraim Lessing s presented and indeed very essential messages of the necessity of religious tolerance also something that is not really one hundred percent positive not altogether shining and to be universally lauded namely how those rings really have created not a portrait of absolute tolerance but rather the opposite with separate claims of superiority something that I certainly doubt Lessing had intended but something that is nevertheless subtly but still overtly present in Nathan der Weise and not to be ignored and in particular with regard to the fact that religious tolerance is still totally and utterly a global pipe dream at best

free read Nathan der Weise

Nathan der Weise

free read Nathan der Weise review Nathan der Weise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Gotthold Ephraim Lessing ã 0 read & download GE Lessing was a German philosopher and was a key contributor to the Enlightment Era. Another timely little nugget aus Deustschland And much shorter than the uran Set in Jerusalem around those crusaderish times Nathan der Weise is read by every little German Gymnasium student as a lesson in tolerance Those who discover they can tolerate each other are Muslim Jew and Christian Were it written today we d have to throw in that most intolerant believer the atheist But I think we could do it

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free read Nathan der Weise review Nathan der Weise ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Gotthold Ephraim Lessing ã 0 read & download N literature This edition of Lessing’s Nathan the Wise includes a table of content. In some ways you could not ask for a better and nobler representative of the Enlightenment than Gotthold Ephraim Lessing in his Nathan the Wise 1779 That is at least my initial current impression of Lessing In the face of the atrocious anti Semitic caricatures and treatment of Jews by professing Christians that would eventually fester into Nazi Germany and the Holocaust Lessing portrays a Jewish character who is humane and generous In a way similar to Shakespeare Lessing gives a human face to his Jewish character Unlike Shakespeare s The Merchant of Venice Lessing goes further in a way and explodes stereotypes of Jews as usurious greedy money lenders However Lessing is preachy and didactic than Shakespeare in my opinion and Shakespeare s Jewish villain is portrayed with human motivations which I think goes a long way to undermining prejudice and perhaps further than Lessing in that the characters are real A human villain is better than a didactic good guy for exploding anti Semitic myths of unearthly cabals I suspect Not to stress this point unduly everyone looks bad in comparison to Shakespeare I also acknowledge that I am have read Lessing in translation and that may be a factor In any case Lessing s characters are not so wooden as to be un moving However how much is Lessing really embracing the Jews Does he not want to convert them to an Enlightenment view of religion just as much as the true believing Christian wants to convert the Jew to Christianity Nathan is wise in an Enlightenment style wisdom and is that really wise He is deemed wise because he is not truly a Jew or a believing Jew anyway He is culturally a Jew The good guys the wise in this story end up trivializing their professed faiths in words and deeds For instance the the Templar ostensibly a Christian ends up often repudiating his faith in words even calling it superstition and he says in one place that he would become a Muslim to please Saladin So much for Christ I think of Lessing in conjunction with the German Jewish poet Heinrich Heine who converted to Christianity but had an ambiguous relationship to Christianity and Judaism Whatever the case for him personally he made some startlingly prescient predictions of Nazi Germany one hundred years before it occurred In his day he said Now they burn books then they ll burn bodies But the most interesting of all is a passage which concludes his book Religion and Philosophy in Germany 1832 and which is one of the most remarkable prophesies in all literature In it in vivid terms he predicts a play will be played out in Germany and abroad which makes the French Revolution look like child s play and he attributes this to the break up of the staying power of that talisman the cross by the influence of Kantians and Fichteans and philosophers of nature See here That is he indicts Immanuel Kant the prince of the Enlightenment One might even surmise he lays the coming German thunder at the feet of Lessing as well Lessing brings into relief the vicious and murderous cruelty of Christian fanatics in the Crusades in his play as part of his argument for an Enlightenment view Even if we are in postmodern or post postmodern times much of this Enlightenment view of religions remains intact and is perhaps becoming virulent At the same time Lessing observes contradictions between the Christians and their Scriptures which naturally raises the unintended uestion whether their belief is the really the point of error or their believing in such a way as not to obey Heinrich Heine on the otherhand sees the void opened up by the Enlightenment neutralization of the Cross in the hearts of the Germans a void later to be most fully elaborated and hailed by Friedrich Nietzsche Heine sees that the void will be filled by the unbaptized unconverted Beserker rage of the Germans as he calls it Perhaps some of this Teutonic volatileness he refers to is reflected in the Templar s character in the play The anti Christs the little bermensches are an ugly host the prophecy seems to have implied in retrospect that were summoned by the Enlightenment or at least made possible by it though one might add the Holocaust was first made possible by Christian anti Semitism before the Enlightenment solution to Christian historic sins concatenated the sins into something far virulentLessing in some ways provides just one of the elouent iterations of a doctrine whose most religious version is that many roads lead to salvation and God is like an elephant which blind men grab different parts of and think the whole This view is held by those who think they see the whole comprehensively There is still great contemporaneity to this idea The condescending doctrine is the wraith s embrace of religion the deadly kiss which drains the life and meaning from a religion while claiming to defend the religionsRecha s epithet toward Daja in the play one could say is Lessing s judgment and epithet and is broadly representative of the Enlightenment epithet in general toward religious belief She s one of those fanatics who imagine they know the universal and only true path to God Implied in Recha s statement of course is a belief in a universal negative of the possibility of there being such a way and it s being known There is the supreme condescension toward religions which poses itself as an embrace of the religions but finally trivializes all that it embraces The Enlightenment seems to me a reincarnation of Greek universalism All there is is thought to be universal principles and temporal mundane processes Belief in a unfolding particularity in history or an advent in history is derided as foolishness The cross of Christ is foolishness to the Greeks